Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US’s first face transplant

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Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US’s first face transplant
April 22nd, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Thursday, December 18, 2008

A team of eight transplant surgeons in Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, USA, led by reconstructive surgeon Dr. Maria Siemionow, age 58, have successfully performed the first almost total face transplant in the US, and the fourth globally, on a woman so horribly disfigured due to trauma, that cost her an eye. Two weeks ago Dr. Siemionow, in a 23-hour marathon surgery, replaced 80 percent of her face, by transplanting or grafting bone, nerve, blood vessels, muscles and skin harvested from a female donor’s cadaver.

The Clinic surgeons, in Wednesday’s news conference, described the details of the transplant but upon request, the team did not publish her name, age and cause of injury nor the donor’s identity. The patient’s family desired the reason for her transplant to remain confidential. The Los Angeles Times reported that the patient “had no upper jaw, nose, cheeks or lower eyelids and was unable to eat, talk, smile, smell or breathe on her own.” The clinic’s dermatology and plastic surgery chair, Francis Papay, described the nine hours phase of the procedure: “We transferred the skin, all the facial muscles in the upper face and mid-face, the upper lip, all of the nose, most of the sinuses around the nose, the upper jaw including the teeth, the facial nerve.” Thereafter, another team spent three hours sewing the woman’s blood vessels to that of the donor’s face to restore blood circulation, making the graft a success.

The New York Times reported that “three partial face transplants have been performed since 2005, two in France and one in China, all using facial tissue from a dead donor with permission from their families.” “Only the forehead, upper eyelids, lower lip, lower teeth and jaw are hers, the rest of her face comes from a cadaver; she could not eat on her own or breathe without a hole in her windpipe. About 77 square inches of tissue were transplanted from the donor,” it further described the details of the medical marvel. The patient, however, must take lifetime immunosuppressive drugs, also called antirejection drugs, which do not guarantee success. The transplant team said that in case of failure, it would replace the part with a skin graft taken from her own body.

Dr. Bohdan Pomahac, a Brigham and Women’s Hospital surgeon praised the recent medical development. “There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Leading bioethicist Arthur Caplan of the University of Pennsylvania withheld judgment on the Cleveland transplant amid grave concerns on the post-operation results. “The biggest ethical problem is dealing with failure — if your face rejects. It would be a living hell. If your face is falling off and you can’t eat and you can’t breathe and you’re suffering in a terrible manner that can’t be reversed, you need to put on the table assistance in dying. There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Dr Alex Clarke, of the Royal Free Hospital had praised the Clinic for its contribution to medicine. “It is a real step forward for people who have severe disfigurement and this operation has been done by a team who have really prepared and worked towards this for a number of years. These transplants have proven that the technical difficulties can be overcome and psychologically the patients are doing well. They have all have reacted positively and have begun to do things they were not able to before. All the things people thought were barriers to this kind of operations have been overcome,” she said.

The first partial face transplant surgery on a living human was performed on Isabelle Dinoire on November 27 2005, when she was 38, by Professor Bernard Devauchelle, assisted by Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard in Amiens, France. Her Labrador dog mauled her in May 2005. A triangle of face tissue including the nose and mouth was taken from a brain-dead female donor and grafted onto the patient. Scientists elsewhere have performed scalp and ear transplants. However, the claim is the first for a mouth and nose transplant. Experts say the mouth and nose are the most difficult parts of the face to transplant.

In 2004, the same Cleveland Clinic, became the first institution to approve this surgery and test it on cadavers. In October 2006, surgeon Peter Butler at London‘s Royal Free Hospital in the UK was given permission by the NHS ethics board to carry out a full face transplant. His team will select four adult patients (children cannot be selected due to concerns over consent), with operations being carried out at six month intervals. In March 2008, the treatment of 30-year-old neurofibromatosis victim Pascal Coler of France ended after having received what his doctors call the worlds first successful full face transplant.

Ethical concerns, psychological impact, problems relating to immunosuppression and consequences of technical failure have prevented teams from performing face transplant operations in the past, even though it has been technically possible to carry out such procedures for years.

Mr Iain Hutchison, of Barts and the London Hospital, warned of several problems with face transplants, such as blood vessels in the donated tissue clotting and immunosuppressants failing or increasing the patient’s risk of cancer. He also pointed out ethical issues with the fact that the procedure requires a “beating heart donor”. The transplant is carried out while the donor is brain dead, but still alive by use of a ventilator.

According to Stephen Wigmore, chair of British Transplantation Society’s ethics committee, it is unknown to what extent facial expressions will function in the long term. He said that it is not certain whether a patient could be left worse off in the case of a face transplant failing.

Mr Michael Earley, a member of the Royal College of Surgeon‘s facial transplantation working party, commented that if successful, the transplant would be “a major breakthrough in facial reconstruction” and “a major step forward for the facially disfigured.”

In Wednesday’s conference, Siemionow said “we know that there are so many patients there in their homes where they are hiding from society because they are afraid to walk to the grocery stores, they are afraid to go the the street.” “Our patient was called names and was humiliated. We very much hope that for this very special group of patients there is a hope that someday they will be able to go comfortably from their houses and enjoy the things we take for granted,” she added.

In response to the medical breakthrough, a British medical group led by Royal Free Hospital’s lead surgeon Dr Peter Butler, said they will finish the world’s first full face transplant within a year. “We hope to make an announcement about a full-face operation in the next 12 months. This latest operation shows how facial transplantation can help a particular group of the most severely facially injured people. These are people who would otherwise live a terrible twilight life, shut away from public gaze,” he said.

Original Resources Of Energy Gets More Importance At The Moment Times

April 22nd, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Original Resources of Energy gets More Importance at the moment Times

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SisatelWhen you’ll get the raw materials free from the unconventional resources to create electricity, then surely, you’ll be enthusiastic about choosing the unconventional options to create electricity. Therefore, it’s important to comprehend that once you will try finding the right options for jogging your business with solar technology, then you’ll have to check out some unusual options as well. At the moment people have become curious to get the best the help of the termografering experts in interacting with their electric powered needs as they provides better tech support team to the people, using electricity, made from sunlight. Therefore, by no means, sacrificing the opportunities that provides you better facilities at affordable rates would be your objective. Nowadays, the importance of grasping easy and simple solutions by learning about the most secured ways is simpler as the internet helps people in get together their intentions. Quite simply, people opting for the most important alternatives in grasping their essential electric solutions by uncovering the things and assistances from the web destinations.Wherever you stay, when you will need steps to take good thing about the solar powered energy systems, you might attain it. Alternatively, it is cheaper too. However, you might have to use support from professionals in this field as every electrician might not exactly remain acquainted with the termografering systems and so may well not provide you the mandatory solutions. When you should have better understandings upon this framework, surely, you will understand the easiest alternatives and in this manner, meeting your dreams will be easy for you for jogging your business better or to meet up with the electrical needs in your house. According to your necessities, you ought to have to be interested in several fields and in this manner; you’ll be capable of gratifying your very long time desire as well. At the moment, when the price tag on consuming is increasing, you might plan for carrying out a different option that might be cheaper too. Therefore, for not getting rid of the price effective ways to satisfy your motives, if you intend for going to the most traditional destinations, then you’ll get the easiest alternatives and it’ll provide you higher opportunities in attaining quality termografering facilities.The growing demand of the solar powered energy systems shows that folks are highly worried to the potency of the unconventional resources of energies. Therefore, when you will have a look at the option of the termografering systems and services on the internet, surely, you’ll discover many choices easily. Folks from varied sources have a tendency to obtain an improved and impressive solution that can accomplish them choosing the most important solutions. Therefore, you’ll get not only the product quality termografering facilities but also grasping it at cheaper costs will be easy for you. Nowadays, when the attainability options of the scopes are easier, therefore, dropping these facilities will never be your intention. This is why; you’ll get the most interesting and the most profitable choice to meet your electric needs by spending smaller sum of money.

The author is into industrial equipment sector and is currently doing a research on electrical inspection, thermography & electrician Sor’. The write up here talks about the website multi-tech.dk in Denmark. They are famous for

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Irish inflation creeps upwards to 2.4%

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Irish inflation creeps upwards to 2.4%
April 21st, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Saturday, June 11, 2005

The inflation rate in Ireland, as measured by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), edged upwards to hit a five month high in May at 2.4%. This represents a 0.2% rise on the previous month when the rate stood at 2.2%.

The major contributors to the rise were increased transportation, healthcare, and education costs. In April the EU25 average rate of inflation was 2.1%, with Latvia having the highest rate at 7.1% and Sweden the lowest at 0.4%.

Despite the increase in the rate, Irish inflation remains very low – having hit 7% during 2000 and remaining around the 5% until the beginning of 2003. Another major factor easing any worries about the increase is Ireland’s very strong GDP growth – expected to be around 5.5% this year

On an annual basis the cost of footwear and clothing have fallen by 2.7% whilst energy costs have soared by 10.4%. The cost of food, furniture, and communications also fell over the last 12 months.

The Consumer Price Index is made up of over 55,000 prices consisting of 613 headings which cover over 1,000 different items.

Car maker DeLorean dies at 80

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Car maker DeLorean dies at 80
April 21st, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Monday, March 21, 2005

Automobile industry pioneer, John DeLorean, died Saturday in a New Jersey hospital by complications from a stroke.

DeLorean was born in 1925 in Detroit, Michigan to European immigrant parents. He received an education in automotive engineering and quickly rose through the ranks of Packard and later General Motors (GM). DeLorean was credited with the development of the Pontiac GTO, which helped introduce the era of “muscle cars”. By 1965, DeLorean led the entire Pontiac division, and four years later was promoted to the prestigious position of leading GM’s Chevrolet.

In 1973, DeLorean quit General Motors and started his own company, the De Lorean Motor Company. The company’s product was the DMC-12, an unusual car featuring an unpainted, stainless-steel exterior and gull-wing doors. The company started production in 1981 but failed less than two years later, having produced under 9,000 vehicles. Despite the company’s failure and the car’s dismal sales, the car itself gained a cult following after the release of the 1985 movie Back to the Future which featured the car as a time-travel machine.

DeLorean himself was in nearly as much trouble as his company. In 1982 he was arrested for attempting to sell $24 million worth of cocaine to undercover police, and after his company’s failure, he became involved in a multitude of lawsuits alleging investor fraud. Though DeLorean successfully resolved the cocaine case after claiming entrapment, his other legal cases would drag on until 1999, when he declared bankruptcy.

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Moon Jae-in becomes President of South Korea

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Moon Jae-in becomes President of South Korea
April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Moon Jae-in assumed the office of President of South Korea yesterday. He was announced the winner of Tuesday’s election, with 41.1% of the vote, and sworn in yesterday at the Korean National Assembly. Moon is succeeding the impeached President Park Geun-hye.

Moon has promised to unite his country, which faces tensions due to the corruption scandals of the previous president. He has also vowed to promote peace between the two Koreas. One way Moon is attempting to improve the relationship between South Korea and North Korea is by reopening the Kaesong Industrial Region, an industrial park on the Korean border jointly run by both Koreas. Moon also wishes to reform chaebol, a type of conglomerate run by powerful families. An example of a chaebol is Samsung, whose vice-chariman Lee Jae-yong was arrested for allegations of bribery under the previous president Park Guen-hye.

In more international affairs, Moon has said he is reconsidering the THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) deployments of the United States, as he believes they could damage relations with China.

Moon’s parents were North Korean refugees. He worked as a human rights lawyer after serving in the South Korean special forces.

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Wendy’s finger pointer gets fingered for crime

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Wendy’s finger pointer gets fingered for crime
April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Friday, April 22, 2005

Las Vegas, Nevada – San Jose police arrested the woman who made the claim she found a human finger in a bowl of Wendy’s chili. Police made the arrest of Anna Ayala on Thursday night at or near her Las Vegas home.

A sign on the front door of the Ayala residence urged reporters and curious onlookers not to disturb the occupants. The sign reads, “Trust Me Do Not Knock On Door Emotionally Disturbard Thanx”.

Anna Ayala was arrested on a fugitive warrant so no bail was set. Early this morning, Ayala was still behind bars at the Clark County Detention Center.

Police spokesman Enrique Garcia said further details on the 39-year-old Ayala will be released at a news conference scheduled for 1pm Friday.

According to the Los Angeles Times, the arrest came hours after Wendy’s concluded its own internal investigation that found no link to the finger in its food distribution chain.

Wendy’s offered a $100,000 reward for information leading to the source of the finger.

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2010 Komen St. Louis Race for the Cure becomes world’s largest Komen race

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2010 Komen St. Louis Race for the Cure becomes world’s largest Komen race
April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Saturday, June 12, 2010

The 2010 Susan G. Komen St. Louis Race for the Cure, held earlier today in St. Louis, Missouri, became the world’s largest Race for the Cure, with over 71,000 participants.

2010 marks the twelfth year for the race in St. Louis, which raises money for breast cancer research nationwide. Originally brought to the city in 1999, it has raised over US$19 million. It was sponsored by Wells Fargo Advisors, a locally-headquartered brokerage firm of the financial services provider Wells Fargo. Nationally, the Race for the Cure is hosted by Susan G. Komen for the Cure, a non-profit organization supporting breast cancer research.

In 1999, there were only about 10,000 participants in the St. Louis Race for the Cure. In recent years, the number has grown to over 60,000, and today’s 5K race saw over 71,000 runners, walkers, and wheelchair racers. Despite the heat and humidity, 1,090 teams signed up, and over 4,500 breast cancer survivors participated. Overall, the race raised more than US$3.3 million. A phone bank set up by Wells Fargo and local television station KSDK contributed over US$28,000 of that amount in four hours.

Prior to the race, there was a parade of all the breast cancer survivors who had signed up for the race. The actual competition began at 8:30 a.m. CDT (1330 UTC) with the wheelchair race. Following them were the timed runners, the untimed runners, the walkers, and lastly, the “fun walk” participants, who had only opted to walk one mile (1.6 kilometres).

The Komen St. Louis Race for the Cure is only one of many Races for the Cure, which is the largest group of 5K runs and walks in the world. The first Komen race was held in 1983 in Dallas, Texas, but has since spread to over 140 cities throughout the world. Proceeds from today’s St. Louis race will benefit both local institutions and the rest of the United States. At least 25 percent of the money raised will go toward funding national research on breast cancer, while the rest will be given to organizations in St. Louis for breast cancer awareness programs.

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Finding The Right Floor For Your Home

April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

byalex

Choosing to remodel your home is a big decision, which involves a lot more decision-making in the process. One thing you need to think about is the flooring for your home. You need to choose style, color and type of flooring. The last decision you need to make involves installation. You may be thinking about installing your floor yourself, but this may be something you should leave up to the professionals. You want to make sure your flooring is properly installed and will last a lifetime.

Types Of FlooringAs you enter a Floor Store in Topeka, KS, you will be faced with a variety of different types of flooring. You need to make the choice as to which type of flooring is best for you. You can choose between tile flooring, vinyl flooring, laminate, hardwood and carpet. The staff at the floor store will be able to help you choose the best option, which will be based on personal preference, traffic volume of the space and the overall feeling you wish to create.

Styles Of FlooringOnce you have made the decision as to what type of flooring you wish to purchase from the floor store in Topeka, KS, you will then need to narrow down your decision by choosing a style. For instance, there are several different carpeting styles and several different types of tile and hardwood flooring as well. Each main category has a variety of sub-categories you can choose from. Again, this decision will be based on personal preference, traffic volume and overall appearance and style of your home.

Self-Installation vs. Professional InstallationAs you browse through the different type and styles of flooring at the floor store in Topeka, KS, you will encounter installation professionals. Although some projects you may be able to do yourself, you should also consider professional installation. They have the skills and expertise necessary for proper installation of your floor in a timely manner. Not only that, but their work will be high quality and will definitely be worth the investment. Your floor is something that you replace only once in a while, and with the help of a professional installer, you can be sure you will not be needing any repairs in the near future.

As you have learned, there are a lot of decisions that go into choosing new flooring for your home. You need to decide on the type of flooring you want and then narrow it down to style and color. Having the help of professional installers is always an excellent idea. If you are still unsure about the flooring process, you can get all the information you need about new flooring at your local store.

Capital City Flooring should be your first and last stop when it comes to floor store Topeka KS. They have everything you need, including a wide selection of floor types, styles and color. Their professionalism and customer service is out of this world. All you need to do is call them at 785-232-000 today, for your free in-home estimate.

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‘Star Wars’ headed to TV as weekly series

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‘Star Wars’ headed to TV as weekly series
April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

Thursday, August 4, 2005

At the Siggraph 2005 computer graphics convention in Los Angeles, California Tuesday, Star Wars creator George Lucas unveiled plans for a weekly computer-animated series based on the science fiction saga.

The new show, to be called Clone Wars, will be a 3-D animated spinoff of the series and is to be produced in a Lucas facility in Singapore. Lucas already has done limited-run 2-D traditional animated television with Star Wars: Clone Wars shorts on the U.S. cable channel, Cartoon Network.

Lucas said advances in digital technology allow an animated television series to do what otherwise would be too expensive.

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Category:Graffiti

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Category:Graffiti
April 20th, 2018 by iGGDBfCR

This is the category for graffiti.

Refresh this list to see the latest articles.

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